Pefkos is a Village in Vianno in Heraklion in the Crete Region of Greece and is located at an altitude of 605 meters.
For history, 13 men were executed in Pefko in September of 1943 by the Nazis during WW2
The name of the settlement is a plant’s one (“pefko” is a pine tree in Greek) and refers to the big pine tree that existed.
All the mountainous area with the villages Loutraki, Kato Viannos, Hondros, Vahos, Amiras, Agios Vassilios, Kefalovrissi, Pefkos, Kalami, Sykologos, Ano Symi and Kato Symi, is of outstanding natural beauty. Most villages still keep the old traditional architectural style..
The main product of Viannos is its unique and famous olive oil. Recent years, Arvi, Psari Forada, Keratokambos and Kastri, the small settlements of the coastal part have prospered due to the cultivation of early vegetables and bananas.
Many visitors during the summer time visit the area.
During both the Turkish and German occupation the people of Viannos added golden pages in Crete's struggle against the invaders. A nice - one of a kind - memorial stands at Amiras to remind the sacrifice of "Viannites" and the holocaust of September 14 1943, when 358 men, women and children were executed and many villages were burnt after the strict order of the German commander " DESTROY VIANNOS COUNTY".